What Is Care Management?
The term “care management” gets tossed around a lot in healthcare, often used interchangeably with “case management.” At Access East, we prefer it as care management, because that keeps the emphasis where it needs to be: on the patient, and on the care.
A detailed definition might go something like this: Care management is a set of clinical services designed to assist a patient and his or her support system in best managing medical conditions and the behavioral and social problems that can arise from them, with the multiple goals of:
- Improving patient health status
- Enhancing coordination of care
- Eliminating the duplication of services
- Reducing the need for expensive hospital visits
It’s maybe a little easier to think of care management kind of like a wheel, with the patient being the hub. Imagine those clinical services mentioned above as the spokes of the wheel, with the patient at the center, causing the wheel to turn. Every patient’s wheel is a little different, unique to that patient, with some of the services, or spokes, changing from one patient to the next, and some services rolling around more than once, or even multiple times, in the course of each patient’s care.
Care management can include any of the following services, as well as others, as applicable to a particular patient:
Helping a patient who is being discharged from a hospital in coordinating his or her prescribed course of care at home, and encouraging follow-through of treatment when the patient encounters personal or outside obstacles that discourage success, and that might result in his or her hospital-readmission.
Testing and analysis of different facets of a patient’s health to gauge success of a current treatment plan, or to establish the need for new treatment options.
Assisting the patient with adopting accepted best-practice strategies to advance his or her mental and emotional well-being.
Eastern North Carolina has particularly high rates of diabetes, hypertension, heart failure, asthma and COPD, and that’s nowhere more true than among our region’s Medicaid population. All these chronic conditions can produce ongoing, and escalating, obstacles to a patient’s health improvement, and thus require courses of care that address the persistent nature of the illnesses.
Chronic pain not only can limit a patient’s activities and compromise the quality of daily life, but can also work against long-term improvements in health, if left uncontrolled. Our care-management teams help coordinate the efforts of pain clinics and primary-care providers to improve patient pain outcomes, focusing with patients on medication reconciliation as well as adherence in following physician prescriptions.
The process of creating the most accurate list of all medications a patient is taking (to include drug names, dosages, and frequencies and means of administration), and then comparing that list against recent physician orders. The ultimate goal is to provide not only correct medications, but also to eliminate medication duplications, and possible negative drug interactions.
Telephone follow-ups with a patient to check on health status and adherence to treatment plans, typically after a period of home visits to ensure the patient is understanding and implementing his or her primary-care physician’s prescribed course of care.
A cross-disciplinary approach to specialized medical care for patients with serious, sometimes terminal, medical conditions. Palliative care focuses on providing patients with relief from the symptoms, pain, and physical and mental stresses of their illnesses.